Field Extensions

synopsis:Current Field Extensions

Current Database Model Field Extensions

  • AutoSlugField - AutoSlugField will automatically create a unique slug incrementing an appended number on the slug until it is unique. Inspired by SmileyChris’ Unique Slugify snippet.

    AutoSlugField takes a populate_from argument that specifies which field, list of fields, or model method the slug will be populated from, for instance:

    slug = AutoSlugField(populate_from=['title', 'description', 'get_author_name'])
    

    populate_from can traverse a ForeignKey relationship by using Django ORM syntax:

    slug = AutoSlugField(populate_from=['related_model__title', 'related_model__get_readable_name'])
    

    AutoSlugField uses Django’s slugify function by default to “slugify” populate_from field.

    To provide custom “slugify” function you could either provide the function as an argument to AutoSlugField or define your slugify_function method within a model.

  1. slugify_function as an argument to AutoSlugField.
# models.py

from django.db import models

from django_extensions.db.fields import AutoSlugField


def my_slugify_function(content):
    return content.replace('_', '-').lower()


class MyModel(models.Model):

    title = models.CharField(max_length=42)
    slug = AutoSlugField(populate_from='title', slugify_function=my_slugify_function)
  1. slugify_function as a method within a model class.
# models.py

from django.db import models

from django_extensions.db.fields import AutoSlugField


class MyModel(models.Model):

    title = models.CharField(max_length=42)
    slug = AutoSlugField(populate_from='title')

    def slugify_function(self, content):
        return content.replace('_', '-').lower()

Important. If you both provide slugify_function in a model class and pass slugify_function to AutoSlugField field, then model’s slugify_function method will take precedence.

  • RandomCharField - AutoRandomCharField will automatically create a unique random character field with the specified length. By default upper/lower case and digits are included as possible characters. Given a length of 8 that yields 3.4 million possible combinations. A 12 character field would yield about 2 billion. Below are some examples:

    >>> RandomCharField(length=8, unique=True)
    BVm9GEaE
    
    >>> RandomCharField(length=4, include_alpha=False)
    7097
    
    >>> RandomCharField(length=12, include_punctuation=True)
    k[ZS.TR,0LHO
    
    >>> RandomCharField(length=12, lowercase=True, include_digits=False)
    pzolbemetmok
    
  • CreationDateTimeField - DateTimeField that will automatically set its date when the object is first saved to the database. Works in the same way as the auto_now_add keyword.

  • ModificationDateTimeField - DateTimeField that will automatically set its date when an object is saved to the database. Works in the same way as the auto_now keyword. It is possible to preserve the current timestamp by setting update_modified to False:

    >>> example = MyTimeStampedModel.objects.get(pk=1)
    
    >>> print example.modified
    datetime.datetime(2016, 3, 18, 10, 3, 39, 740349, tzinfo=<UTC>)
    
    >>> example.save(update_modified=False)
    
    >>> print example.modified
    datetime.datetime(2016, 3, 18, 10, 3, 39, 740349, tzinfo=<UTC>)
    
    >>> example.save()
    
    >>> print example.modified
    datetime.datetime(2016, 4, 8, 14, 25, 43, 123456, tzinfo=<UTC>)
    

    It is also possible to set the attribute directly on the model, for example when you don’t use the TimeStampedModel provided in this package, or when you are in a migration:

    >>> example = MyCustomModel.objects.get(pk=1)
    
    >>> print example.modified
    datetime.datetime(2016, 3, 18, 10, 3, 39, 740349, tzinfo=<UTC>)
    
    >>> example.update_modified=False
    
    >>> example.save()
    
    >>> print example.modified
    datetime.datetime(2016, 3, 18, 10, 3, 39, 740349, tzinfo=<UTC>)
    
  • ShortUUIDField - CharField which transparently generates a UUID and pass it to base57. It result in shorter 22 characters values useful e.g. for concise, unambiguous URLS. It’s possible to get shorter values with length parameter: they are not Universal Unique any more but probability of collision is still low

  • JSONField - a generic TextField that neatly serializes/unserializes JSON objects seamlessly. Django 1.9 introduces a native JSONField for PostgreSQL, which is preferred for PostgreSQL users on Django 1.9 and above.